ISO 27001 is a specification for an Information Security Management System (ISMS). An ISMS forms a framework of policies and procedures that includes all kinds of legal, physical, and technical controls involved in an organization’s information risk management processes. The basis of this certification is the development and implementation of a rigorous security program, which includes the development of the Information Security Management System (ISMS).
A data or a security breach is a security incident in which information is accessed without authorization, thereby violating its confidentiality. A data or security breach can be done by anyone including an employee, a rival organization, or just a malicious agent. The motive can be any fraudulent activity like defamation, corporate espionage, disruption, or financial gain for the attacker.